i think it’s c but i might be wrong. if i am let me know! have a good rest of your day as well!
when the displaced particles are perpendicular to the direction the wave travels, is called a transverse wave, whereas in longitudinal wave the displace practices are parallel to the direction of the wave.
in the given image:
first image shows - longitudinal wave
second image shows - transverse wave
third image shows - longitudinal wave
fourth image shows - longitudinal wave
i'd have to say the answer is probable the second option "the geosphere interacting with the atmosphere"