The things that she does
The correct answer to the question: To draw a conclusion about Maritza´s character based on this excerpt, what is the best question for the reader to ask?, would be: What does she do?
This is because Maritza, a person, most likely a student, or maybe a teacher, makes a pretty bold statement about who should be recognized for their achievements, talking almost with propriety, as if she herself were an authority on the matter being discussed. She speaks so self-assuredly, and with so much power, that a reader could not help but want to know about what she does, to understand how she can make such a bold statement and thus comprehend who Maritza is.
To draw a conclusion about Maritza's character based on the excerp, the best question for the reader to ask is: What does she say? (option 4).
The excerpt contains things that Maritza has said about being the first or the second person to accomplish something. She states that being the first person to do something gives you credit. She then makes emphasis on the fact that the second person to accomplish something important like flying over the Atlantic Ocean or landing on the moon is not famous or relevant because someone has already done it.
By asking yourself "What does she say?", you can draw conclusions on her characterization as a person who values being the first to do something.
What does she say?
The best question to ask in this excerpt is "what does she say?" This is because we do not know anything about Maritza besides the things that she has said. She tells us that she believes that the first person who achieves something deserves to get the most credit for it. We do not know anything of what Maritza has done, who she is or what she does. Therefore, the only conclusion we can draw is what she says.
All the questions that are asked in the other options have been answered in the given passage. The only information that is not given is what Maritza has done. So, to get to know more about her character the right question to ask is 'what does she do?'.
is the best question for the reader to ask.
By asking "What does she say?", you can reach inferences on her portrayal as an individual values' identity the first to accomplish something.
Maritza makes accentuation on the way that she is the second individual to achieve something imperative like flying over the Atlantic Ocean or arriving on the moon isn't well known or important in light of the fact that somebody has effectively done it.