The formula for calculating the yield to maturity on a zero-coupon bond is:
Yield To Maturity=(Face Value/Current Bond Price)^(1/Years To Maturity)−1
For a $1,000 zero-coupon bond that has six years until maturity, the bond is currently valued at $470, the price at which it could be purchased today. The formula would look as follows: (1000/470)^(1/6)-1. When solved, this equation produces a value of 0.134097, which would be rounded and listed as a yield of 13.41%.
x = 23.78
for this pair of functions g(x)=x-2 and f(x)=|x| is (g o f)(a)= |a| -2
(g o f)(a)=?
(g o f)(x)=g(f(x))
(g o f)(x)=g(|x|)
(g o f)(x)=|x|-2
(g o f)(a)=|a|-2