Damage results in the loss of signals to muscles to produce movement.As we know all the motor nerve goes through the spinal chord
Destruction of nerve fibres that carry motor nerve from brain to muscles are main reason of paralysis. The whole of the body gets paralysed and the body functions are imparted.The person cannot walk properly and sometimes the memory loss(partial dementia) can also take place .
Hope it's a help you❤
There is an important difference between voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter. The term involuntary manslaughter is used to refer to the unintentional killing of a person. It might result from criminal negligence, recklessness, or misdemeanor.
The person who commits involuntary manslaughter does not want the victim to die. For example, a person who drives under the influence of alcohol may hit and kill a pedestrian, although killing him was not his intention.
Elements that constitute the offense :
A person can be charged with involuntary manslaughter if the following three criteria are met.The defendant committed an act that resulted in the death of a person. The defendant knew that his conduct might endanger lives. The act was inherently dangerous or was done with a total lack of concern for human life.
The term voluntary manslaughter is used to refer to intentional killing. However, in involuntary killing, the person who commits the crime has no prior intention to kill. The murder happens in the ‘heat of passion’. The situations which lead to the crime are of the kind which would cause a person of rational judgment to become mentally or emotionally disturbed. In the absence of such causes, the killing could be regarded as first or second degree murder. Among the various kinds of homicides, this crime falls between murder, which is a crime committed with malice aforethought, and the excusable and justified taking of life committed in self-defense. The latter doesn’t constitute a crime.
Voluntary manslaughter is different than involuntary manslaughter and its definition depends upon the state in which the crime occurs. On the other hand, involuntary manslaughter occurs when a person dies due to the recklessness or irresponsibility of the defendant.
Heat of Passion:
According to Federal law, voluntary manslaughter is the illegal killing of a person without malicious intent. It happens in the ‘heat of passion’. This term is used to refer to an uncontrollable emotion that any reasonable person may experience under similar circumstances. In the case of first degree murder, the idea of malicious intent or premeditation is present, but it is absent in the case of voluntary manslaughter. The presence of one negates the other.
Voluntary manslaughter is sometimes also defined as an act of killing that is committed with the wrong notion that the killing is justified. For example, a person who kills another in self-defense may be charged with voluntary manslaughter if he was the original attacker in the situation.
Muscles that are under your conscious control are called voluntary muscles, while muscles that are not under your conscious control are called involuntary muscles
The spinal cord coordinates the body's movement and sensation.
Therefore, an injured cord loses the ability to send and receive messages from the brain to the body's systems that control sensory, motor, and autonomic function below the level of injury. Often, this results in some level of paralysis. hope this helps you :)
Voluntary muscles or striated muscles are those which are in our control.
ex, biceps, triceps, upper part of oesophagus., tongue.
On the way, the involuntary or non striated muscles are those which are not in control.
Ex, full ice of blood capillaries.
An operant conditioning occurs when the behavior of an individual is controlled by the reward and punishment that created by behavior.
For example, when a father scolded his son when he does not put his plate on dishwasher, the son would most likely to voluntarily place the plate because he does not want to receive the negative consequences.
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